About sanatorium
AZERBAIJAN TRADE UNIONS CONFEDERATION
“KURORT” CLOSED JOINT STOCK COMPANY
“Garangush” urology sanatorium


In Azerbaijan, holiday season lasts all the year round. Azerbaijan possesses rich and, in some respects, unique recreational resources. The remarkable nature of mountainous and foothill areas, treasured balneological resources, curative muds, amazing beauty of mountain lakes, waterfalls and sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea, vineyards and fig gardens of Absheron as well as abundance of sunshine create favorable conditions for a year-round recreation and therapeutic treatment.

“Garangush” urology sanatorium is situated just 35 km away from Baku (capital of Azerbaijan), in an exurban village called Mardakan, which, in its turn, lies on the coast of Absheron peninsula. The sanatorium has been operating since 1979, with the total area of 2.4 ha.

The climate of Mardakan is subtropical and dry, the average temperature of January floats around + 2oC, while the same indicator for July is equal to +25oC; average precipitation per year makes up merely 200 mm. Snow usually melts within a few days after each snowfall; withal, snow cover endures for about 4-5 days. The average relative humidity during a year fluctuates between 55% and 70%. Annual totals of sunshine hours make up to 2800 h.

Successful combination of Caspian air saturated with oxygen and remedial ions, of warm southern sun, sandy beaches and, what is more important, availability of therapeutic mineral drinking water from a Chirag-Gala source prepares some ground to successfully treat any diseases of genitourinary system on the basis of “Garangush” urology sanatorium.

The sanatorium has a balneology clinic as well, with famous water and mud baths where patients receive treatment with natural mud and curative mineral iodine-bromine water, and a water gallery with natural and potable “Galaalty” mineral water (which is similar to Naftusya).

Not everyone knows that in addition to Truskavets, there are many other deposits of mineral water containing organic compounds derived from petroleum. Resort Galaalty (Azerbaijan) is included in this list, too. So, in 1969, 7 new sources of healing water were discovered just 20 km away from the district of Davachi (called Shabran now), nearby the village of Galaalty, namely, in suburban forests. Galaalty sources possess the capacity of more than 10,000 liters per minute. Low-mineralized Galaalty water contains organic substances with average weight of 15-25 mg/l. These include organic compounds such as ether-soluble phenols, hydrocarbons, volatile organic acids, humic substances and others. Small quantities of carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, chlorine, sodium, potassium, iron, and copper have been discovered in these waters as well. The most specific features of Galaalty mineral waters involve hydrocarbon-oxidizing, disulfiting and thione-type microorganisms (~ 400 species), which affect the qualitative and quantitative contents of organic substances.

Galaalty waters are used in the treatment of urolithiasis of various forms. They are original both in composition and in physiological effects they have on human body. Due to their low mineralization (up to 0.78 g/l) and rich content of organic substances (8,35-23,8 mg/l), these waters stimulate the discharge of small stones and sand from kidneys, gallbladder and urinary and biliary tracts as well as reduce stone formation. They normalize metabolism, alongside with providing alkalizing effect on blood and urine, diminishing formation of uric acid and contributing to its removal from body, reducing the acidity of gastric juice, lowering the permeability of cell membranes, minimizing bleeding, carrying out an anti-inflammatory effect, enhancing diuresis and removing excess fluids.

Also, water from Galaalty source renews body defense mechanism, diminishes inflammatory processes in organs and tissues and excretion of metabolic products and toxic substances, thus preventing premature aging of organism.